Regular Expression (regex) Tutorials – 2


Source of Current Topic:

Metacharacters Defined

MChar Definition
^ Start of a string.
$ End of a string.
. Any character (except \n newline)
| Alternation.
{…} Explicit quantifier notation.
[…] Explicit set of characters to match.
(…) Logical grouping of part of an expression.
* 0 or more of previous expression.
+ 1 or more of previous expression.
? 0 or 1 of previous expression; also forces minimal matching when an expression might match several strings within a search string.
\ Preceding one of the above, it makes it a literal instead of a special character. Preceding a special matching character, see below.

Metacharacter Examples

Pattern Sample Matches
^abc abc, abcdefg, abc123, …
abc$ abc, endsinabc, 123abc, …
a.c abc, aac, acc, adc, aec, …
bill|ted ted, bill
ab{2}c abbc
a[bB]c abc, aBc
(abc){2} abcabc
ab*c ac, abc, abbc, abbbc, …
ab+c abc, abbc, abbbc, …
ab?c ac, abc
a\sc a c

Character Escapes http://tinyurl.com/5wm3wl

Escaped Char Description
ordinary characters Characters other than . $ ^ { [ ( | ) ] } * + ? \ match themselves.
\a Matches a bell (alarm) \u0007.
\b Matches a backspace \u0008 if in a []; otherwise matches a word boundary (between \w and \W characters).
\t Matches a tab \u0009.
\r Matches a carriage return \u000D.
\v Matches a vertical tab \u000B.
\f Matches a form feed \u000C.
\n Matches a new line \u000A.
\e Matches an escape \u001B.
40 Matches an ASCII character as octal (up to three digits); numbers with no leading zero are backreferences if they have only one digit or if they correspond to a capturing group number. (For more information, see Backreferences.) For example, the character 40 represents a space.
\x20 Matches an ASCII character using hexadecimal representation (exactly two digits).
\cC Matches an ASCII control character; for example \cC is control-C.
\u0020 Matches a Unicode character using a hexadecimal representation (exactly four digits).
\* When followed by a character that is not recognized as an escaped character, matches that character. For example, \* is the same as \x2A.

Character Classes http://tinyurl.com/5ck4ll

Char Class Description
. Matches any character except \n. If modified by the Singleline option, a period character matches any character. For more information, see Regular Expression Options.
[aeiou] Matches any single character included in the specified set of characters.
[^aeiou] Matches any single character not in the specified set of characters.
[0-9a-fA-F] Use of a hyphen (–) allows specification of contiguous character ranges.
\p{name} Matches any character in the named character class specified by {name}. Supported names are Unicode groups and block ranges. For example, Ll, Nd, Z, IsGreek, IsBoxDrawing.
\P{name} Matches text not included in groups and block ranges specified in {name}.
\w Matches any word character. Equivalent to the Unicode character categories [\p{Ll}\p{Lu}\p{Lt}\p{Lo}\p{Nd}\p{Pc}]. If ECMAScript-compliant behavior is specified with the ECMAScript option, \w is equivalent to [a-zA-Z_0-9].
\W Matches any nonword character. Equivalent to the Unicode categories [^\p{Ll}\p{Lu}\p{Lt}\p{Lo}\p{Nd}\p{Pc}]. If ECMAScript-compliant behavior is specified with the ECMAScript option, \W is equivalent to [^a-zA-Z_0-9].
\s Matches any white-space character. Equivalent to the Unicode character categories [\f\n\r\t\v\x85\p{Z}]. If ECMAScript-compliant behavior is specified with the ECMAScript option, \s is equivalent to [ \f\n\r\t\v].
\S Matches any non-white-space character. Equivalent to the Unicode character categories [^\f\n\r\t\v\x85\p{Z}]. If ECMAScript-compliant behavior is specified with the ECMAScript option, \S is equivalent to [^ \f\n\r\t\v].
\d Matches any decimal digit. Equivalent to \p{Nd} for Unicode and [0-9] for non-Unicode, ECMAScript behavior.
\D Matches any nondigit. Equivalent to \P{Nd} for Unicode and [^0-9] for non-Unicode, ECMAScript behavior.
0 people like this post.


Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s